What is “Wildlife Conservation”?
Wildlife conservation entails extensive efforts to contain and counter the loss of ecological and biological diversity as well as protect endangered species from completely disappearing from the face of our planet.
While some view wildlife conservation and preservation as secondary to other human and natural disasters throughout the world, experts see this noble goal as imperative for the survival and continuity of our species, to help humankind adapt to environmental change, and maintain the many economic, health, environmental and social benefits of biodiversity.
Every species in the biological categorization tree that exists today contributes to the livelihood of our planet, and that of humanity nonetheless.
People today may not realize the importance of conserving wildlife given the lifestyles we lead, as a species. Our habitats are air-conditioned, our water is pumped in through pipes all the way to the faucets in the comfort of our homes, and the food we consume is ready-made in shops. We are next to clueless as to how much damage we are actually inflicting upon ourselves.
Why Must We Care about Wildlife Conservation?
Our dietary consumption is absolutely dependent on wildlife; meats, vegetables, fruits, rice and legumes are essential to our nutrition. That said, it goes without saying that we need a healthy environment to grow our produce and a sustainable source of clean, unpolluted water. Otherwise, we will never be able to enjoy the blessing of food, let alone healthy food.
The pharmaceutical industry is entirely dependent on microorganisms and plants. More than 25% of the drugs and medications that doctors prescribe are extracted from plants and natural compounds. There are more than 7,000 medical compounds extracted primarily from plants. These treatments, as an industry, are worth in annual production more than USD40 billion.
Protecting public health by eliminating harmful organisms and insects, and protecting species from extinction helps preserve environmental balance and biological systems to prevent the escalation of yet more environmental problems.
• Biodiversity plays a key role in the global economy; it is crucial in the sciences of genetics and genetic engineering, for better vegetation, healthier produce and plentiful crop. It is vital to the maintenance of food, water, medication, timber and other important products.
• It also plays a role in tourism; many tourists visit museums and zoos to learn about so many kinds of animals.
• Industry: Many industries rely on natural organisms for the production of fibres, wood, oils, power, dyes, perfumes and rubber. Animals provide us with many basic products, from meat to fur, not to mention transport and other contributions to traditional agriculture as well.